Prostate cancer, oh my! What exactly is it? What exactly is it tested for? Everyone is aware of the existence of breast cancer and the fact that a self-breast exam and mammogram are used to detect the disease. Pr0state-cancer, on the other hand, does not receive nearly as much attention. In that case, here’s what you should know about prostate cancer.
What Is the Cause of Prostate–Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a disease that only affects men. This is due to the fact that only men have a prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that sits just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is responsible for the production of testosterone.
Prostate cancer is a disease that progresses at a glacial pace. Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is the most common type of prostate cancer. This cancer develops in the gland cells that produce the fluid that is added to the sperm during the fertilization process.
The prostate gland can be the site of the development of other cancers, such as sarcomas, small cell carcinomas, and transitional cell carcinomas, among others. This, on the other hand, is extremely rare. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer can manifest itself in a variety of ways.
Because of how slowly prostqte cancer can develop, many men die of natural causes such as old age or other illnesses without ever realizing they had prostate cancer. However, this is not always the case, and it is critical to be aware of the warning-signs-of prostate cancer, which-are-as-follows:
The following symptoms may be present:
- Increased frequency of urination
- Increased urgency to urinate
- Urinating multiple times during the night
- Hesitant to urinate I’m having trouble getting the flow going.
- Loss of bladder control
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the semen
- New onset of erectile dysfunction
- Pain in the bones of the lower back, hips, and/or ribs
- New onset of erectile dysfunction
All of these symptoms could be indicative of something else, of course, but you should see your doctor if you are experiencing any of these signs and be aware that you may be tested for pr0state-cancer if you do.
In order to diagnose prostate cancer, a number of tests are performed.
The presence of prostate cancer can be detected by measuring the amount of PSA (Prostate-Specific-Antigen) in the blood. PSA is a substance produced by the cells of the prostate gland. It is a hormone. When these levels rise, it may be a sign of prostqte-cancer in the early stages. However, due to the fact that other factors, such as an enlarged prostate or advanced age, can increase the production of PSA in the blood, this is not always accurate. Your doctor may recommend that the test be repeated at a later time, or he may refer you to a specialist who will perform a biopsy of your prostate.
Another method of screening for prostate cancer is through the use of a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE). This is the exam that every man dreads, where a gloved finger is pressed against the prostate gland. Although this exam is less effective than the PSA test, both tests have the potential to produce false positives or negatives in a significant number of cases. As a result, it is critical that you discuss your options with your doctor.
It’s the most effective method we have for early detection. The discussion of testing should begin around the age of 50 for the majority of men. If you have a family history of prostqte cancer, however, you should begin talking to your doctor about it as soon as you reach the age of 45. It is entirely up to you whether or not you are screened. Because prostate cancer develops slowly, it may not be necessary to undergo screenings that can cause anxiety or mislead you into believing you don’t have the disease when you actually do.